Why Are Excipients Necessary?

Excipients are binding agents necessary for extract preservation.The amount of excipients used in each product varies per formulation but contributes to the stability and solubility of each product. Individual herbs which contain starch do not require excipients. 


Without the correct amount of excipient, granules will absorb atmospheric moisture once exposed to air, clump together and become unstable. This is significant in clinical practice as herb bottles are frequently accessed and exposed to the air. 


Excipients have varying levels of solubility. Sun Ten most commonly uses non-GMO cornstarch from France as an excipient, however it is not soluble. Other excipients such as Lactose, Maltodextrin, Cyclodextrin are soluble. How extracts dissolve can impact how patients administer the formula (e.g. directly swallowing or mixed in liquid) as well as how easily it can be absorbed in the digestive tract.

Sun Ten Single Herb Granule/Powder Excipients

Pin Yin Name Excipients
Bai He Bulbus Lilli powder
Bai Hua She She Cao Corn starch
Bai Jiang Cao Corn starch
Bai Mao Gen Corn starch
Bai Shao Radix Paeoniae alba powder
Bai Xian Pi Corn starch
Bai Zhu Rhizoma Atractylodis macrocephalae powder
Ban Lan Gen Radix Istadis powder
Ban Xia (Zhi) Corn starch
Bei Mu (Zhe) Corn starch
Bei Sha Shen Corn starch
Bie Jia None
Bo He Corn starch
Cang Er Zi Fructus Xanthii powder
Cang Zhu Corn starch, Powdered cellulose
Chai Hu Radix Burpleui powder
Chan Tui (Jin) None
Che Qian Zi Lactose
Chen Pi Corn starch, Powdered cellulose
Chi Shao Radix Paeoniae rubra powder
Chuan Lian Zi Fructus Toosendan powder
Chuan Niu Xi Radix Cyathulae powder
Chuan Xiong Rhizoma Chuanxiong powder
Da Fu Pi Corn starch
Da Huang Rhizoma Rhei powder
Da Qing Ye Folium Isatidis powder
Da Zao Corn starch
Dan Shen Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae powder
Dan Zhu Ye Corn starch
Dang Gui Corn starch, Powdered cellulose
Dang Shen Corn starch, Powdered cellulose
Di Fu Zi Fructus Kochiae powder
Di Gu Pi Cortex Lycii powder
Du Zhong Corn starch
Fang Feng Radix Saposhnikoviae powder
Fu Ling Poria powder
Fu Pen Zi Corn starch
Fu Shen None
Fu Xiao Mai Corn starch
Gan Cao Radix Glycyrrhizae powder
Gan Cao (Zhi) Radix Glycyrrhizae powder, Maltodextrin
Gan Jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis powder
Ge Gen Corn starch
Gou Qi Zi Fructus Lycii powder
Gou Teng Corn starch
Gua Lou (Shi) Corn starch
Gua Lou Ren Corn starch
Gui Zhi Ramulus Cinnamomi powder
Hai Piao Xiao None
Han Lian Cao Herba Ecliptae powder
He Huan Pi Cortex Albiziae powder
He Shou Wu Corn starch
He Ye Corn Starch
Hou Po Cortex Magnoliae powder
Huai Niu Xi Radix Achyranthis bidentatae powder
Huang Bai / Huang Bo Cortex Phellodendri powder
Huang Lian Rhizoma Coptodis powder
Huang Qi Radix Astragali powder
Huang Qin Radix Scutellariae powder
Huo Xiang (Guang) Herba Pogostemonis powder
Ji Li Fructus Tribuli powder
Ji Xue Teng Corn starch
Jiang Can (Bai) None
Jiang Huang Corn starch
Jie Geng Radix Platycodonis powder
Jin Yin Hua Flos Lonicerae japonica powder
Jing Jie Corn starch
Ju Hua Corn starch
Jue Ming Zi Corn starch
Ku Shen Gen Corn starch
Lai Fu Zi Corn starch
Lian Qiao Corn starch
Long Gu None
Lu Gen Rhizoma Phragmitis powder
Mai Men Dong Radix Ophiopogonis powder
Mai Ya Corn starch
Mu Dan Pi Corn starch
Mu Li Corn starch
Mu Xiang Corn starch, Powdered cellulose
Niu Bang Zi Corn starch
Nu Zhen Zi Fructus Ligustri Lucidi powder
Pu Gong Ying Corn starch
Ren Dong Teng Caulis Lonicerae japonicae powder
Ren Shen (Bai) None
Rou Gui Corn starch
Sang Bai Pi Corn starch
Sang Ji Sheng Corn starch
Sang Ye Corn starch
Sha Ren Corn starch
Shan Yao Corn starch
Shan Zha Corn starch
Shan Zhu Yu Corn starch
She Chuang Zi Corn starch
Shen Qu Mass Medicata fermentata powder
Sheng Di Huang Radix Rehmanniae powder
Sheng Jiang Rhizoma Zingiberis recens powder
Sheng Ma Corn starch
Shi Gao None
Shi Jue Ming None
Shu Di Huang Corn starch, Powdered cellulose
Si Gua Luo Retinervus Luffae Fructus powder
Suan Zao Ren Semen Ziziphi spinosae powder
Tao Ren Corn starch
Tian Hua Fen / Gua Luo Gen Corn starch
Tian Men Dong Corn starch
Tu Fu Ling Corn starch
Tu Si Zi Corn starch
Wu Wei Zi Corn starch
Xia Ku Cao Corn starch
Xian He Cao Corn starch
Xiang Fu Corn starch
Xin Yi Flos Magnoliae powder
Xing Ren Corn starch
Xu Duan Radix Dipsaci powder
Yan Hu Suo / Yuan Hu Corn starch
Ye Jiao Teng Caulis Polygoni multiflori powder
Yi Mu Cao Corn starch
Yi Yi Ren Semen Coicis powder
Yin Chen (Mian) Herba Atermisiae capillaris powder
Yin Yang Huo Herba Epimedii powder
Yu Jin Radix Curcumae Powder
Yu Xing Cao Corn starch
Yu Zhu Rhizoma Polygonati odorati powder
Yuan Zhi Corn starch
Ze Xie Rhizoma Alismatis powder
Zhi Ke Corn starch
Zhi Mu Corn starch
Zhi Shi Corn starch
Zhi Zi Fructus Gardeniae powder
Zhu Ru Corn starch
Zi Su Ye Corn starch


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